Ebola virus disease is a severe disease that causes haemorrhagic fever in humans and animals. Diseases that cause haemorrhagic fevers are often fatal as they affect the body’s vascular system. This can lead to significant internal bleeding and organ failure.
The CDC has issued a level 3-emergency.
The Ebola virus can spread through:
- Contact with infected animals
- Contact with blood
- Body fluids or tissues of infected persons
- Contact with medical equipment (such as needles) that are contaminated with infected body fluids
Ebola virus enters the patient through mucous membranes, breaks in the skin, or parenterally and infects many cell types, however as long as precautions are taken, there is low risk of contracting Ebola in a country where the disease is present.
When cases of the disease do appear, there is increased risk of transmission within health care settings. There are specific methods of intervention recommended by the CDC including the use of infection-control measures such as the routine use of EPA-approved disinfectants.
The aim of all of these techniques is to avoid contact with the blood or secretions of an infected patient.
There is no hard-surface efficacy test currently available for the Ebola virus.
The CDC has issued the following guidelines:
Download the latest Biohazard Cleanup Procedure.